These notes give a simple description of most of the pre WWII Briggs
engines, hopefully they may help in identifying engines that have lost their
factory ID plates. Please excuse the poor quality of some of the illustrations,
they are the best I have been able to find up to now. As you will notice, I am
beginning to replace the line drawings with photographs, hopefully I can
complete this and improve the page.
MODEL A -- (1933-1948, 1 - 1 3/4 HP, 2.25" Bore, 2.25" Stroke, L-Head)
This engine is a heavy duty industrial grade engine. Identifying
characteristics are the closed fins on the cylinder head, heavy cast shroud that
attaches to the cylinder head using 4 bolts and two straps, and mechanical
governor. This engine can have rope, crank, or lever starters with the rope
pulley being the most common. The early 5-digit serial no. engines use the type
A carburetor and the later 6-digit engines use the type K carburetor. Type AL
has aluminum head, oil sump and shroud. The engine pictured is a 5 digit model.
MODEL B -- (1934-1948, 2 - 3 HP, 2.625" Bore, 2.625" Stroke, L-Head)
This engine is very similar to the A but has a larger bore and stroke. The
drive side bearing housing is removable with four bolts, the Model A does not
have this removable bearing housing.
MODEL F (FULL POWER) -- (1921-1922, 1/2 HP, 2.25" Bore, 2.25" Stroke,
This engine was the first of the Briggs & Stratton engines designed for
general purpose use. The engine is an upright with overhead valves. The exhaust
valve is mechanically operated via push rod and sheet metal rocker arm, and the
intake valve is automatic. The engine has two flywheels, slanted fins on the
cylinder, no blower housings, bronze suction feed carburetor, (sometimes called
the "Peace Pipe" Carburetor, and the gas tank is in the base. The base of the
engine has only two mounting lugs. The engine can be easily identified in that
it has an externally mounted drip oiler on the crankcase and a plain tubing
crankcase breather that screws into the crankcase. Early versions of this engine
have spark coil ignition and later models were available with a magneto. A
cooling fan was available as an accessory but is not common. Starting was by
crank or rope. The model and serial number of F series engines through the FE,
and possibly the early FH were stamped into the crankcase.
MODEL FB (FULL POWER) -- (1923-1924, 1/2 HP, 2.25" Bore, 2.25" Stroke,
Similar to the model F with magneto ignition, no external oiler, a forged
bronze rocker arm, two mounting lugs on the base, and a vertical large diameter
tube type breather that is screwed to the crankcase with two screws.
MODEL FC (FULL POWER) -- (1924-1925, 1/2 HP, 2.25" Bore, 2.25" Stroke,
Similar to the FB but evidently with a modified oil system and one blower
housing on the Magneto side. The rocker arm was changed to steel and the
mounting base was changed to four mounting lugs sometime during this period.
MODEL FE -- (1925, 1/2 HP, 2.25" Bore, 2.25" Stroke, OH Valves)
Same as FC with improved FH type constant level oil system and improved
main bearings. Several of these engines have been found with a side mounted
cylindrical gas tank mounted on cast or forged supports. This version has a
hollow tapered base with slots for a counter shaft and may have been used as a
replacement for the Jacobson lawn mower engine.
MODEL FH -- (1925-1933, 1/2 HP, 2.25" Bore, 2.25" Stroke, OH Valves)
This is the most common of the Briggs & Stratton overhead valve
engines. Early versions have slanted cylinder fins and bronze carburetors and
later versions have straight fins and pot metal carburetors. The engine has
magneto ignition, two flywheels and one blower housing with a centrifugal
governor mounted in the non magneto flywheel. Two types of flywheels were made,
one of sheet metal and the other of cast iron. Except for the very earliest
engines, the model and serial number are on a brass tag on the blower housing.
Most engines used a kick starter with chain drive but lever start and rope start
models were available.
MODEL FHI -- (1925-1933?, 1/2 HP, 2.25" Bore, 2.25" Stroke, OH valves)
Same as FH with one flywheel, float feed carburetor, side mounted
rectangular gas tank, and no governor.
MODEL FG -- (1929, 3/4 HP, 2.25" Bore, 2.25" Stroke, OH valves)
Same as FHI with two blower housings and a side mounted cylindrical gas
tank.. (rope start?)
MODEL FI -- (1927-1933, 3/4 HP, 2.25" Bore, 2.25" Stroke, OH valves)
Similar to FG with mechanically operated intake and exhaust valves.
Available with and without governor. As far as I know, this is the only Overhead
Valve model with two push rods.
MODELS FJ-1 & FJ-2 -- (1929-1937?, 1 - 1 1/2 HP, 2.25" Bore, 2.25"
These engines are rare L-Head engines with two flywheels, two blower
housings, mechanical governors, and float feed carburetors. These engines are
unique in that they have aluminum sumps and crankcases with a cast iron
cylinder. Only a few were made and they were evidently developed for military use.
MODEL H -- (1933-1940, 1/2 HP, 2.25" Bore, 2.25" Stroke, L-Head)
L-Head engine with foot, lever, or rope start, and a float feed
carburetor. Both rectangular and cylindrical gas tanks were used. The
rectangular gas tank is mounted on a cast iron bracket attached to the cylinder
head, and the cylindrical tank is mounted on a bracket bolted to the crankcase.
This engine is essentially the same as the Model Y with a float feed carburetor.
MODEL I -- (1938-1949, 3/4 - 1 HP, 2.00" Bore, 1.50" Stroke, L-Head)
Small industrial quality L-head engine based on WM series cylinder block.
These engines have a deep oil sump with an oil pump and a float feed carburetor.
Most were direct mounting, ball bearing engines. Many varieties of this model
are found. This engine is commonly found on WWII motor generator sets.
MODEL K -- (1933-1940, 3 HP, 2.75" Bore, 3.25" Stroke, L-Head)
Heavy duty L-head engine with closed fins on cylinder head and cast
shroud similar in appearance to Models A & B but larger. Cylinder is
detachable from crankcase. This engine is mechanically governed and is usually
MODEL L -- (1930-1932, 1/2 HP, 2.25" Bore, 2.25" Stroke, L-Head)
The Model L was designed specifically for washing machine use. It has a
foot pedal starter, very simple suction feed carburetor, external gas tank, and
a mechanical governor. The cylinder head has high fins and the spark plug is
MODEL M -- (1930-1934, 1 - 1 1/2 HP, 2.25" Bore, 2.25" Stroke, L-Head)
The Model M is basically an industrial version of the Model L and has a
chain operated foot or lever starter, two flywheels, two blower housings, a
mechanical governor, and a float feed carburetor. The cylindrical gas tank is
mounted on the twin shrouds.
MODEL N -- (1940-1954, 1 1/2 HP, 2.00" Bore, 2.00" Stroke, L-Head)
The Model N is one of the most commonly found cast iron engines. It was
made in many versions and the design changed somewhat over its production life.
Many of these engines were used by the Military during WW2. The engine can be
found with mechanical or pneumatic governors, float or suction carburetors, many
different starters and a confusing number of other modifications. Generally
speaking, any unmarked 2" x 2" bore & stroke engine with 7 fins on the
cylinder is probably a Model N or possibly the later Model 6.
The Model NPW is a water cooled version of the Model N engine that was
evidently built by Briggs & Stratton using castings supplied by United
States Motors. These engines were never marketed directly by Briggs and were
used for marine propulsion and generator sets.
MODEL P -- (1920, 1 HP, 2.50" Bore, 2.50" Stroke, F-Head)
From what I can tell, the Model P was a Motor Wheel engine modified for
stationary use and is a predecessor of the PB. The engine can be identified by
its 2 1/2" bore and stroke, no blower housing, and its external cooling fan.
MODEL PB -- (1923-1935, 1 HP, 2.50" Bore, 2.50" Stroke, F-Head)
The model PB is an F-Head engine derived from the Motor Wheel design. The
engine has four large threaded holes on the crankcase for mounting, a detachable
cylinder, and the power take off is from the camshaft which gives it the effect
of having a reduction gear.
MODEL Q -- (1925-1933, 2.3 HP, 2.75" Bore, 3.25" Stroke, L-Head)
The Model Q is one of the larger engines in the same family as the R
& K. It evidently was the first flat head engine built by Briggs &
Stratton. The Q is distinguished by having an air vane governor and the same
carburetor as the Model PB. The carburetor is attached to the engine using a die
cast elbow that in some engines also contains the carburetor butterfly valve.
This engine has two flywheels and two blower housings.
MODEL R -- (1929-1933, 3 HP, 2.75" Bore, 3.25" Stroke, L-Head)
The Model R is very similar to the Model Q except that it has a
mechanical governor and a float feed carburetor that is bolted on to the intake
pipe. The engine has two flywheels and two blower housings.
MODEL S -- (1930-1933, 1/2 HP, 2.25" Bore, 2.25" Stroke, L-Head)
The Model S is similar to the Model L except that it has a suction
carburetor similar to the Model FH with the fuel tank in the base. The engine
has a mechanical governor, one flywheel and Blower housing, and is of L-head
construction. Most of these engines have a foot or lever starter.
MODEL T -- (1930-1931, 1/2 HP, 2.25" Bore, 2.25" Stroke, L-Head)
The Model T is an L-head, plain bearing engine similar to the Model L.
The engine is distinguished by having a float feed carburetor and a rectangular
gas tank attached to a bracket fastened to the crankcase. The engine has a
mechanical governor, one flywheel, and one blower housing.
MODEL U -- (1940-1945, 1 HP, 2.00" Bore, 2.00" Stroke, L-Head)
The Model U is an L-head engine similar to the Model N with the exception
that it has an unusual suction feed carburetor with a closed fuel system
designed to maintain constant operating conditions regardless of the fuel level
in the tank. Suction feed carburetors are notorious for requiring readjustment
due to varying fuel levels and the problem is worse with large tanks. The large,
vertical, cylindrical fuel tank on the side of the engine is the distinguishing
MODEL W -- (1931-1933, 1 1/2 HP, 2.75" Bore, 3.25" Stroke, L-Head)
The Model W is one of the large L-head engines with the detachable
cylinder similar to the Models Q & R. The engine is distinguished by having
two flywheels but only one blower housing. The engine has a suction feed
carburetor similar to the Model R.
MODEL WM -- (1936-1941, 1/2 HP, 2.00" Bore, 1.50" Stroke, L-Head)
The Model WM was the first of a large line of small engines based on a
very similar cylinder block. These engines were designed initially for use on
washing machines and it is believed that that is the reason for the WM
designation. Early models of these engines can be identified by the brass model
tag on the blower housing, an external crankcase breather, and the lack of a
raised rim on the hole in the blower housing. The Model WM can be distinguished
by the horizontal spark plug and a rectangular governor vane. This engine has
the small suction carburetor and a cast iron cylinder head. Very early engines
had a constant level pump lubrication system but this was quickly changed to a
splash system and the factory recommended that all engines be converted to
splash when repaired for any reason.
MODEL WMI -- (1936-1941, 1/2 HP, 2.00" Bore, 1.50" Stroke, L-Head)
The Model WMI is identical to the WM except for having a deep cast iron
oil sump and an oil pump. This engine is the industrial version of the WM.
MODEL WMG -- (1937-1942, 1/2 HP, 2.00" Bore, 1.50" Stroke, L-Head)
The Model WMG is the basic WM engine with an integrated 6 Volt
Starter/Generator to allow automatic starting of the engine and recharging of
the battery. This engine has a special mounting base.
MODEL WMB -- (1938-1957, 1/2 HP, 2.00" Bore, 1.50" Stroke, L-head)
The Model WMB is an improved version of the WM design and is
distinguished by the vertical spark plug mounting and a redesigned governor vane
which is not rectangular but curved to fit the shroud. This remained the primary
small engine for washing machines and other uses for many years. The WMB was
used on Maytag washing machines after Maytag discontinued production of their
own motors. Early versions can be identified by the external breather, cast iron
cylinder head, and the brass nameplate.
MODEL WI -- (1938-1957, 1/2 HP, 2.00" Bore, 1.50" Stroke, L-head)
The Model WI is an industrial version of the WMB and has a deeper oil
sump and an oil pump. This engine was built in many variations for end users
including versions with a float feed carburetor and special base castings.
MODEL Y -- (1931-1940, 1/2 HP, 2.25" Bore, 2.25" Stroke, L-Head)
The Model Y was originally designed for washing machine use but was
adapted for many other applications. It is an L-Head plain bearing engine with a
small suction feed carburetor and a pneumatic governor. It is normally found
with a kick starter. The unusual design of the starter clutch and the way it was
mounted on the crankshaft made it difficult to use other starting methods, but I
have seen rope start and lever start models.
MODEL Z & ZZ -- (1931-1949, 4 - 6 HP, 3.00" Bore, 3.25" Stroke, L-Head)
The Model Z & ZZ engines were the largest Briggs engines built during
the 30's and 40's and were used in heavy duty applications. These engines were
the successors to the Models Q, R, and K and have many features in common with
these earlier engines including the removable cylinder. These engines were
L-head with a float feed carburetor, ball bearings, single blower housing and a
mechanical governor. This particular engine is an aluminum block model ZL.
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